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Countdown to Bitcoin Halving 2024: A Beginner’s Guide to Bitcoin Halving

Countdown to Bitcoin Halving 2024: A Beginner’s Guide to Bitcoin Halving

2023-11-02 | 5m


- Bitcoin halving is a process that reduces the rate at which new BTC are created by half approximately every four years, which ultimately limits the total supply of BTC to 21 million.

- Bitcoin halving is important because it controls the supply of BTC, limits BTC inflation, helps secure the network better, and makes the network more sustainable in the long run.

If you've ever delved into the world of cryptocurrencies, you've probably come across the term "Bitcoin halving." It sounds technical and complex, but fear not! In this article, we'll break it down in simple terms so you can understand what it is and why it matters.

What is Bitcoin Halving?

Bitcoin is often called “digital gold” because just like gold, there's a limited supply of Bitcoin. Miners are the ones who dig for this digital gold by solving complex mathematical puzzles, and they're rewarded with new BTC for their efforts. This reward is known as the "block reward." Block reward does not only serve as an incentive for miners but also acts as a way to introduce new BTC into circulation.

Now, here's where the magic of Bitcoin halving comes in. Roughly every four years (or every 210,000 blocks mined), the reward that miners receive is cut in half. Hence, the term "halving." This reduction in rewards is hard-coded into the Bitcoin protocol, making it an essential part of the system.

How Does Bitcoin Halving Work?

Let's simplify it further. Before a Bitcoin halving, the block reward is a certain number of BTC. After the halving event, this reward is reduced to half of the amount before the event. The next halving will cut it in half again, and so on, until the maximum supply of 21 million BTC is reached.

When Bitcoin was first created in 2009, miners were rewarded with 50 BTC per block. Fast forward to 2013, the first halving event took place and the block reward for Bitcoin mining decreased to 25 BTC per block. Subsequently, in 2016 and 2020, two more halving events occurred, further reducing the reward per block to 12.5 and 6.25 BTC respectively. Following this schedule, the next halving is expected to happen sometime in April - May 2024, and the last halving will be in the year 2140.

It's also worth noting that Bitcoin has followed a pattern of surging to new ATHs after each halving event.

Countdown to Bitcoin Halving 2024: A Beginner’s Guide to Bitcoin Halving image 0

Source: Techopedia

But why was this “halving” created and why does it matter?

Why Bitcoin Halving Matters

Supply and Demand

Bitcoin halving has a direct impact on its supply. When the reward is halved, fewer new BTC are released into circulation. With a limited supply and growing demand, the price tends to increase. It's basic economics - scarcity often drives up the value of an asset. This is one reason why Bitcoin is often compared to digital gold.

Inflation Control

Bitcoin's creator, Satoshi Nakamoto, designed this system to control inflation. Traditional currencies can be printed endlessly, leading to devaluation. Bitcoin, on the other hand, becomes scarcer over time, reducing the risk of inflation. Therefore, it can be said that its unique design offers a potent solution to the problem of eroding purchasing power.

Securing the Network

Miners are the backbone of the Bitcoin network. The halving provides major incentives to miners. As the reward diminishes, miners need to be more efficient, which, in turn, increases the network's security. Moreover, the price of Bitcoin tends to increase after each halving, so the rewards miners receive are likely to increase in value with time.

Long-Term Viability

By gradually reducing rewards, Bitcoin's life is extended. If rewards were too high and not controlled, it might have led to a rush to mine all the BTC too quickly. The halving paces the creation of new Bitcoins, extending its potential life span, and preserving the system's stability.


Bitcoin halving is a fundamental event in the cryptocurrency world. It ensures that Bitcoin remains both scarce and valuable. Understanding this simple concept can give you insights into the economics and sustainability of the world's most famous cryptocurrency.

So, the next time you hear about a Bitcoin halving event, remember that it's just the digital gold mine becoming a little more exclusive, and that's one of the reasons why Bitcoin is so captivating to investors and enthusiasts worldwide.

The halving event of 2024 may align with the probable approval of spot Bitcoin ETF by the SEC in the US. This is a development eagerly awaited by the cryptocurrency community as it could further solidify Bitcoin's mainstream acceptance and potentially drive renewed interest and investment in the cryptocurrency, potentially propelling it to yet another all-time high.

To prepare for the upcoming 2024 Bitcoin halving and take advantage of its impacts, explore BTC trading on Bitget now!

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Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are for informational purposes only. This article does not constitute an endorsement of any of the products and services discussed or investment, financial, or trading advice. Qualified professionals should be consulted prior to making financial decisions.